03 Mar 2022
What is this report?
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change. The IPCC authors do not conduct their own research, but rather assess the thousands of scientific papers published each year, with the objective of providing governments with scientific information that they can use to develop climate policies.
This latest IPCC report focuses on climate impacts, vulnerability, and adaptation. You can read the full report here.
The report won’t focus on ways to reduce emissions or other solutions to climate change, that will be addressed in a subsequent report due out in early April.
What does the report say?
The report concludes that the world is facing devastating and cascading risks from a worsening climate crisis. We can expect worsening threats to food and nature, more harm from extreme weather, higher risks of "tipping points" and cascading events as well as a greater consideration of the role of finance for adaptation and coping with these devastating impacts.
We have already seen some extreme climate events and conditions not projected to take place until 2100. These are projected to increase in magnitude and frequency. Such heatwaves, droughts, floods, storms, and fires will result in “compound and cascading” effects on agriculture, water resources, lives, livelihoods and infrastructure. Since 2008, 20 million people have been internally displaced by extreme weather events per year.
By 2050, it is predicted that more than 1 billion people living in coastal areas will be at risk from the dangers of sea-level rise. That means one in ten people on the planet will be directly impacted.
If global temperatures increase by more than 1.5 degrees, even if the temperature is brought back down subsequently, there is a severe risk of breaching "tipping points" which we cannot be reversed, including the release of carbon stored in peatlands, forests and permafrost.
Over 40% of people (3.3-3.6 billion people) live in highly climate-vulnerable countries. Almost all of these people live in the Global South. Vulnerability to the crisis is shaped by processes of marginalisation, such as gender, Indigenous identity, health, and poverty, according to the report. Women, the elderly and children in low-income households, Indigenous Peoples and minority groups, small-scale producers and fishing communities are most at risk of impacts such as food insecurity.
Ecosystems and biodiversity
We are witnessing the first climate-driven extinctions. In biodiversity hotspots, 24% of species will be at very high extinction risk at 1.5 degrees of heating. For endemic species, this could raise to 84% of species at very high risk of extinction in mountain regions, and 100% of species on islands.
Food and water
Hundreds of millions of people, especially in Africa, Asia, Small Islands, Central and South America, and the Arctic are being impacted by stresses on food systems. 10% of current livestock and crop areas may become unsuitable by 2050, rising to 30% by 2100.
However, while there is no escaping the seriousness of the report findings, it is far from "game over". The report concludes that there exist realistic solutions, and that they must be equitable and based on the principles of climate justice.
We have a vision for a future that is safer, more just, and sustainable, and that vision is still within reach.
What’s our response?
"Climate reports are plentiful, and this is yet another report that says the planet is changing even faster than predicted. This means lives are being endangered and lost today, not in a distant future.
"The time for reality checks is long gone: we have the answers and means to step back from the brink of climate catastrophe. It starts with an immediate end to the age of fossil fuels and ramping up the shift to renewable energy with all of the governmental support to see that crucial transition through." Rachel Kennerley, International Climate Campaigner, Friends of the Earth.
Key messages to communicate
If you are communicating about this report, for example on social media or during a local radio interview, here are 4 key messages to emphasise:
The world is facing devastating and cascading risks from a worsening climate crisis. Climate impacts have appeared earlier, are more widespread, and have worse consequences than the IPCC has previously predicted. Climate risks are appearing faster since the last assessment report, and will get more severe, sooner than previously thought.
The climate crisis is already here. This isn't a future problem, this is a now problem. Millions of people are already facing the dramatic and destructive consequences of a warming world and today's report is a reality check that it's going to get much worse unless we take urgent action to cut emissions. We have already seen some extreme climate events and conditions not projected to take place until 2100. Storms like Dudley, Eunice and Franklin are set to become the new normal for communities across the UK.
The solutions to the climate crisis already exist. This report is devastating to read, but it also tells us that realistic solutions already exist if we act now. We must urgently stop using fossil fuels and move to renewable energy. People here in the UK have been hit particularly hard by the gas price crisis because of our overreliance on gas. We need a rapid move to cheap renewable energy to cut emissions, create green jobs and kick our expensive reliance on gas.
The UK must pay its fair share to support countries already suffering from the impacts of climate change. Some of the consequence of climate change to lives, livelihoods, biodiversity and infrastructure are already locked in and cannot be avoided. Under the Paris Agreement the countries most responsible for the terrible impacts outlined in today’s report have an obligation to help others deal with them through support and finance. The communities already paying the highest price of climate breakdown are those who contribute least to climate breakdown. Countries like the UK and US must pay their fair share of finance and provide support to help more vulnerable countries weather this storm.
Messages from around the world
"Climate impacts are already happening everywhere, faster, and with worse consequences than ever predicted. We are already witnessing extreme weather events that scientists didn’t expect to see until 2100." Hemantha Withanage, Chair of Friends of the Earth International, based in Sri Lanka
"Scientists have confirmed that much more finance must urgently flow from developed to developing countries, to enable them to adapt and adjust to irreparable damage from climate impacts. This funding is necessary to secure the wellbeing of their citizens and economies. Without it, our hard-fought progress for equity, equality, rights and justice will unravel." Meena Raman, Sahabat Alam Malaysia / Friends of the Earth Malaysia
"This new IPCC report confirms that some damage is beyond repair and it will be impossible for many communities to adapt, especially if the 1.5-degree threshold is breached. We’re facing the potential of hundreds of millions of people displaced from their homes within this century, and swathes of farmland turning to dust. There is an urgent demand for finance for loss and damage, to help vulnerable populations adjust." Amos Nkpeebo, Friends of the Earth Ghana
"For the 3.3-3.6 billion people living in highly climate-vulnerable countries - almost all of whom are in the Global South - this is not news. Those of us on the frontlines of the climate crisis have been shouting this from the rooftops for decades." Anabela Lemos, JA! Justiça Ambiental / Friends of the Earth Mozambique
Template social media posts
The #IPCC has published a new climate report today.
The findings are clear; the climate crisis is here.
But the solutions are here too.
We must urgently stop using fossil fuels & pay our fair share to support countries already suffering from the impacts of climate change.
Millions are already facing the destructive consequences of a warming world.
Today's #IPCC report is a reality check that it's going to get much worse unless we take urgent action to cut emissions.
Join us to push for the bold climate action needed 👇
<Include link to your group page OR https://friendsoftheearth.uk/take-action/join-group-near-you>
The UK must support countries already suffering from the impacts of climate change.
Communities now impacted most are those who contribute least to this crisis.
Countries like the UK & US must pay their fair share to help more vulnerable countries weather this storm. #IPCC
The #IPCC report shows we must act to stop using fossil fuels & move to renewable energy.
People in the UK have been hit hard by gas price hikes due to overreliance on gas.
We need a rapid move to cheap renewable energy to cut emissions, create jobs & end our reliance on gas.